As another indoor season draws to a close, we look back at the achievements from the sprints & hurdles squad.
A review of the learning process with WLTF Juniors.
A look back at a WLTF Coaching Internship, with 2017-2018 Intern - Kathi Lohr.
Athletics Workshops launch for Autumn 2018.
WLTF launches new Sprints & Hurdles Squad for U15, U17 & U20 athletes.
Following the ongoing success of the current squads, Lead Coach Laura Tuner-Alleyne is delighted to now expand the team of coaches working with West London Track & Field’s Sprinters and Hurdlers.
The new squad will train 3 days a week (Monday & Wednesday 6pm, Saturday 10am) at Brunel University. Track and gym sessions will be programmed with the individual in mind and supervised throughout. With speed at the heart of the training programme, Laura and her team will ensure athletes develop technical mastery, as well as the physical and mental prerequisites for success.
The coaching team has been hand-picked to ensure the WLTF core values are at the heart of the squad, and will be tasked with the delivery of a comprehensive, individualised programme, designed to maximise long term athlete development:
Sprints Coach – Charlie Craddock
Hurdles Coach – Amanda Williams
Strength & Conditioning Coach – Antonia Gregoriou
For more information on joining this or any other squads and the associated coaching fees, please contact Laura email@example.com
West London Track & Field are delighted to offer an excellent opportunity for sprinters and hurdlers to open their 2018 season at our Indoor Sprints Evening.
WEDNESDAY APRIL 25th
EVENTS - 100m, 80mH, 100mH, 110mH
AGE GROUP - Open
Come and join us at the West London Track & Field Indoor Sprints Evening. A perfect season opener.
Entry fee £8 (£6 for WTLF athletes and Brunel Students, £2 to be refunded on the day)
Two rounds of open graded sprints and hurdles races
Pre-entry and entries on the day accepted (limited spaces available)
Entries are non-refundable and non-exchangeable
Athletes must register/pick up their numbers AT LEAST 60mins before the start of Round 1. NO LATE ENTRIES ACCEPTED
All age groups welcome except U11's
Races will be run fastest to slowest
Spectators £1; coaches and Brunel students free (with coaching license/Student ID)
6pm - Hurdles Round 1
6.45pm - Hurdles Round 2
7pm - 100m Round 1
8pm - 100m Round 2
With the World Indoor Championships coming to an end on Sunday, the indoor season is officially over. We take a look back at how the Sprints & Hurdles squad performed.
UK Indoor Championships
Jack Kirby ran a personal best time of 8.06s to make the Men's 60m Hurdle final.
Steph Clitheroe missed the Women's 60m Hurdle final by one thousandth of a second, after running a seasons best time in the heats.
England U17 & U20 Championships
Finlay Marriot fought hard to make the U20 Women's 60m Hurdle final where she finished 6th in a seasons best time (8.82s).
Chante Williams ran 2 personal best times (8.81s) to make the U17 Girls 60m Hurdles final.
Parris Johnson ran a 200m personal best time in the 200m (25.32s), beating her previous outdoor best.
British University Championships
Marvin Popoola had a busy weekend winning bronze in the Men's 200m in a personal best time (21.52s). Two days before, Marvin had run his quickest 60m time in 3 years (6.82s) to finish an agonising 4th place in the Men's 60m.
Modupe Shokunbi ran a huge personal best of 7.57s in the Women's 60m to make the final, where she also finished in 4th place.
Reece Young ran a seasons best time in the Men's 60m Hurdles (8.13s) to make the final.
Max Schopp ran an indoor personal best of 49.66s in the Men's 400m semi final.
As well as these brilliant championship performances, Jahde Williams, Lara Pleace and Emily Russell all ran personal best times in the 60m (6.96s, 7.86s) and 60m Hurdles (8.76s) respectively.
The squad is now back in training, preparing for the outdoor season which begins in May.
The start of the year saw the full-time sprints and hurdles squad travel to Tenerife for some warm weather training. Although we had been to Tenerife many times before for training camps, we had never been in January.
As an athlete, I would travel to South Africa or Doha to train in January. It was always such a nice break from the cold of London and good to get your mind and body ready for an indoor season. So, when some of the athletes asked about going to Tenerife in January, I decided it would be beneficial and that they were ready to add this into their training year.
There were only 4 athletes who travelled, along with Gareth (Therapist) and myself. A nice small group. We arrived midday on the Thursday, which is usually our rest day. I was sharing a room with Clieo and Steph, Gareth shared with James and Jahde. I thought a lot about whether these living arrangements would work, but decided to give it a go as it was only a 10-day camp. I certainly had an interesting time listening to and being part of (sometimes) the conversations between the girls; a brilliant mix of laughter and eye-opening insight into the youth of today. They made me feel really old. Gareth enjoyed reliving his youth spending hours playing FIFA, regularly beating James and Jahde (they may tell a different story).
Three out of the 4 athletes had been to Tenerife before so we were able to settle in quickly and get straight to work. Gareth checked everyone over once we had unpacked to make sure they could hit the ground running for 10 days of good training. We went to look at a new gym which has recently opened, it was very well equipped and set in an amazing location where we were overlooking the sea. I was pleasantly surprised with the weather. The forecast had said 18-20 degrees but it was warmer than that, great news for my tanning prospects (ok, freckles, same difference).
When on warm weather training camps, I keep the weekly set up the same. The warm weather allows the athletes to run faster and their lack of work/university/college means they recover better. I never understand it when athletes go away and change and/or increase their training, consistency is key in our game. We also have the benefit of Gareth being trackside every session and available for extra treatment if and when required.
The one element of the training week I alter slightly on training camps is the rest days. I have learnt over the years that rest days on training camps cannot always be as useful as they are meant to be. Usually an athlete would be at work/university/college on their rest days at home, whereas on training camps they may just sit and do nothing all day. So, I now structure active recovery days to keep the athletes moving on their days off. This trip we had a session in the pool which involved walking drills, various jumps and finished with some races. The session lasted 45mins and worked very well.
The most challenging aspect of training camps is spending lots of time with people you wouldn’t normally spend time with. There is no easy solution to this. I always advise athletes (and coaches) to make sure they spend time by themselves if they need too. Speak with family/friends at home and try and get out of the apartment/hotel to relax. Our group have introduced a great exercise to help us with this group cohesion, more on this topic another time.
The group found the camp very beneficial. The athletes had a good block of training, refreshed their mind and body ready for indoors, picked up a sun tan and learnt they can go a whole meal WITHOUT using their phones. I ban phones when we eat out together. If anyone uses their phone during dinner, they pay for me meal and drinks.
I will look to take the group back next January. For now, it’s time to finish the indoor season on a high and get ready for our next trip to Tenerife in April.
Laura Turner-Alleyne - Lead Coach (Sprints & Hurdles)
February has arrived and the Indoor season is well underway. The Sprints and Hurdles squad have already seen some strong performances.
Lara Pleace (U20, WSEH) ran a 60m PB in her first race of the season, smashing a 4-year-old PB. Watch out for 18-year-old Lara as she embarks on an exciting journey into multi events this season.
Jahde Williams (U23 Harrow AC) has also enjoyed a record breaking indoor season. He broke his 60m PB in every one of his 4 races, all within 1 week. Jahde made the switch to the full time group this winter, his hard work and commitment is already paying off. Watch out for Jahde over the 200m in the summer.
Another PB in his first race came from Max Schopp (U23 Harrow AC). Max opened his 400m campaign with an overall 400m PB. Watch out for Max at BUCS Championships in a few weeks and over the 400 hurdles in the summer.
Our hurdlers have also started the indoor season well. Chante Williams (U17 Bracknell) smashed her 60m hurdle PB in Loughborough on Saturday, running 8.89s. Chante is now ranked 10th in the UK and looks forward to the England U17 Championship at the end of the month.
Emily Russell (U20 Harrow AC), the latest addition to WLTF, also smashed her 60m hurdle PB in Loughborough, running 8.76s to put her 7th in the UK. Emily will compete in her first senior UK Championships before the England U20 Championships.
Other notable performances from ……….
Marvin Popoola, who recorded his fastest 60m time for 3 years this weekend, over in Norway.
Brunel students Reece Young (U23 B&B), Parris Johnson (U20 B&B) and Modupe Shokunbi (U23 B&B) who are all now within 0.05 of their PB. Watch out for them in the BUCS Championships in a few weeks.
Luke Sargeant (Kent AC), Matteo Okogie (U23 Cambridge Harriers) and Finlay Marriot (U20 Cambridge & Coleridge) all enjoyed their fastest ever opening to an indoor season.
James Weaver (U23 Enfield & Haringey) and Stephanie Clitheroe (WSEH) opened their season in Bratislava competing for England in the 60m hurdles.
Coming up in February, watch out for ...........
BUCS Championships – Marvin Popoola, Max Schopp, Reece Young, Parris Johnson, Modupe Shokunbi, Finlay Marriot
UK Indoor Championships – Clieo Stephenson, Stephanie Clitheroe, Emily Russell, Jack Kirby
England U17/20 Championships – Parris Johnson, Chante Williams, Emily Russel, Finlay Marriot.
You can follow results on twitter (@WLtrackfield) and Instagram (westlondontrackfield)
New partnership announced.
Junior Athletics for youngsters aged 7-11 starts this October.
Employment opportunity for a dynamic Pole Vault Coach to join our Team at West London Track & Field.
At the European Under 23 Championships in Bydgoszcz West London Track & Field had representatives both competing and coaching. Head sprints & Hurdles coach Laura Turner-Alleyne was a member of the coaching staff and sprinter Clieo Stephenson was a member of the 4x100m relay team. After the championships we sat down with Clieo to ask her a few questions on her experience at the championships.
Thanks for taking the time to talk with us today Clieo. What were your immediate thoughts when you found out you had been selected for the team?
I had very mixed emotions when being selected for the team. Due to an injury that developed at the beginning of the season, I found it difficult to achieve my goal of running in the individual 100m race. However, despite not running as fast as I had hoped this season, it was still an honour to be selected for the relay and I was excited to experience my final age group international championships.
Did you have to change any of your plans for the season and if so how did you do this?
My training with Laura is extremely planned, so I had known what my season looked like way before the season had even begun. However, being selected for various teams including being invited to run in Geneva, Switzerland, were things we were not able to plan for. This meant I was running on weekends I had not planned to run on and having to pull out of other competitions to do so. When invited or selected for other competitions, Laura and I would always ensure that changing my plan would benefit my season. If it would benefit my build up to the European Championships, then I would adapt and fit my schedule around that change.
Was this your first time competing for Great Britain at an age group championships?
No, I had been lucky enough to represent Great Britain at the European U20 Championships in Rieti, Italy in 2013 on an extremely successful team! The experience however, was very different this time round with the athletes allowed to be more independent!
How helpful was it having your coach as a member of the team staff?
I loved having my own personal coach there with me as it allows me to treat the championships just like any other competition I would do in the UK. With Laura being an experienced athlete herself, she understood the demands and was able to share her experience with both myself and the other members in the team. It’s great because Laura is able to monitor my build up and suggest any changes or adaptations to my preparation when she is at the championships too.
What did you find most difficult about being away?
The most difficult thing for me is getting used to a different bed! If it’s not what you are used to, it can be difficult to get sleep on the first couple of nights. I would suggest bringing your own pillow just in case the pillows are not to your taste! Also, the food in other countries can often be not to the standard you would hope when you are competing. However, in Poland the food at the hotel was great!
What would your advice be to any young athletes that have ambitions of competing for Great Britain?
My advice would be to not change anything that is working for you. To be world class and represent your country, it does not mean doing different things that may work for one person and not for you. Everybody works and thrives differently, so if it works for you, keep doing it.
How are you going to use your experiences from the championships to help you continue moving forward with your training?
I am going to take the positives of being selected to motivate me going forward in my training. Although I may not have got the selection that I wanted, not being able to compete to my best ability and still be selected is promising. It excites me for the future as I know that when I am able to fulfil my potential, I will be exceeding my expectations and goals!
With less than a month to go for most in the 2016/2017 season, we would like to wish everyone the best of luck with their final competitions of this year. If you are interested in joining West London Track & Field please contact us via the following emails:
Sprints & Hurdles - firstname.lastname@example.org
Pole Vault - email@example.com
WLTF is set to launch it's first full-time Sprints and Hurdles squad.
Following three successful seasons working with over 30 athletes, Lead Sprints Coach - Laura Turner-Alleyne is now directing her focus and expertise to coaching a group of athletes dedicated to training full time.
Turner, an Olympian and GB Team relay coach is set to lead a squad of committed athletes through a comprehensive, individualised, programme designed to maximise performance.
The new squad will train 5 days a week (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday & Saturday) from 10am – 1pm. Track and gym sessions will be programmed with the individual in mind, and supervised throughout. With speed at the heart of the training programme, Laura and her team will ensure athletes develop technical mastery, as well as the physical prerequisites for success.
Therapy support will be provided by Gareth Degg (lead therapist WLTF) who has already had an amazing impact on the quality of athlete movement and performance in his 3 years in post. Gareth is an Osteopath and Movement specialist, and his philosophies around movement and performance are a common thread in Laura’s training programme.
The WLTF core values will be at the heart of the squad:
Precision – purpose, pride and precision in everything we do.
Dedication – to commit to do everything to the best of our ability.
Respect – for ourselves, for others, for the sport.
Perseverance – taking ownership of challenging situations and working towards solutions.
Excellence – chose to work towards excellence in all areas of life.
For more information on joining this squad and our other squads, coaching fees apply, please contact Laura firstname.lastname@example.org
Top UK Pole Vaulters set to compete at the West London Track & Field invitational on August 5th.
This weekend twelve West London Track & Field athletes will head to Birmingham to compete at the British Outdoor Championships. With seven athletes from the sprints and hurdles group and five pole vaulters, this is the most athletes that West London Track & Field has had at a British Championships.
Here are the events that we'll be contesting:
Marvin Popoola - Coming back into form after a few years of injury woes, Marvin ran a seasons best of 10.62 at the under 23 National Championships and will be looking to improve this again in Birmingham.
Jahde Williams - Fast improving in his less favoured sprint event. Jahde ran a personal best of 10.73 at the Under 23 National Championships to make the semi-finals.
Clieo Stephenson - Fresh from her bronze at the Under 23 National Championships, Clieo is looking to build on a consistent first half of the season in which she has ran 11.7 on two occasions.
Shereen Charles - Experienced sprinter who thrives on the big occasion and will be looking to break the 12 second barrier when it counts.
Marvin Popoola - Running two personal bests at the Under 23 National Championships including a time of 21.27, Marvin will be aiming to run faster again in Birmingham.
Jahde Williams - In his more favoured of the two sprints, Jahde ran a personal best of 21.55 from lane 1 at the Under 23 National Championships. Lots more to come.
Jack Kirby - A finalist at the Under 23 National Championships and a former GB Under 20 representative, Jack will be aiming to get closer to the 14 second barrier this weekend.
Reece Young - Another finalist from the Under 23 National Championships. Reece ran a PB to make the final in his first race of the season. He'll be hoping to build on this in Birmingham.
Max Schopp - Max is in his first season with West London Track & Field and has run consistently close to his PB every race. He'll be looking to break this over the weekend.
Men’s Pole Vault:
Max Eaves - Max will be hoping to go one better than his silver medal from the indoor championships. Having already contested numerous British Championships, Max will be looking to step up again in Birmingham.
Women’s Pole Vault:
Henrietta Paxton - Coming off of back to back season’s bests including a commonwealth games qualifier of 4.25m, Hen will be looking for another strong performance over the weekend.
Jessica Robinson - Jess won a silver medal at the Under 20 National Championships and will be aiming to back up this performance with her efforts at her first British Outdoor Championships.
Courtney MacGuire - Courtney will be hoping to add another medal to her collection after winning a bronze medal from the Indoor British Championships.
Sophie Dowson - Sophie won a bronze medal at the Under 20 National Championships with an outdoor seasons best of 3.75m and will be hoping for another season's best at her first British Outdoor Championships.
With just one day to go until the action starts at the British Senior Championships this weekend - for an unprecedented seven WLTF sprinters and hurdlers - we sat down with Head Sprints and Hurdles coach, Laura Turner-Alleyne, to explore her coaching philosophy.
Laura, thanks for taking the time to speak with us today. What does an outline of the season long programme for the West London Sprints and Hurdles groups look like?
When I started coaching, one of the first coaches I researched was Charlie Francis. I could relate to his short to long principle and decided I wanted to base the programme around this approach. This allowed me to work on the technical elements as I had hoped and also try and break out of the “tough training makes you tough” mentality (which I hate, by the way). So with our programme you are either running fast, or you’re running easy. There was no in between. I want the athletes to appreciate “tough training’ comes in many forms. You do not need to be throwing up after every session to be working hard. Tough training should be mentally challenging, breaking habits, challenging thought processes, prolonged periods of concentration. Finding and maintaining correct sprint mechanics is “tough”.
Our structure does not change very much through the year. We work with a specific theme for each of our 4 days of training. Monday, speed. Tuesday, tempo and conditioning. Thursday, acceleration. Saturday, speed/technical endurance. Each high intensity track session (Monday, Thursday, Saturday) is followed by a plyometric activity and a short gym session which follows the same theme as the track session. For example a speed day will have a fast, single leg/split stance lift as the primary movement.
How much of your programme do you change from one season to another and do you find that you change less as you gain more coaching experience?
In our third season, our programme has maintained its structure. The content has changed slightly, as you would expect, as the team learn from our experiences with the group and from our continued reading and conversations around many aspects of coaching. I would say the main change year to year so far has been the volume of training. I am constantly trying to strike a balance between too much and too little volume and the form that volume takes. I am learning that there is not one answer to the volume debate. It depends on the athlete. So I tend to programme different options for athletes depending on what they need and what their body can handle. Some can handle volume in the form of tempo/easy runs, others need the hard speed endurance, some can handle neither.
Our programme has an increasing influence from our lead Therapist, Gareth Degg. The more I work with our therapy team the more I appreciate how important it is for the athletes to be moving well. Everything we do from the warm up to the conditioning session has been influenced by Gareth and his movement strategies.
How much does your training programme for the athletes you coach change during different times of the season?
During competition season I will plan the athlete’s week depending on their race schedule. Other factors to be considered when planning training around races are:
- How much gym work is needed? Minimal effective dose, males versus females, strength versus elastic athlete
- Increase plyometric activity if gym work reduces
- How many times a week running fast? Some athletes can only run fast 1/week which may mean only on race day and not at all in training during the week
- Maintaining volume versus reduced volume; some respond better to maintaining a level of volume in the programme, some need to reduce volume
- Competitive training sessions; some respond well to these, others don’t
All in all, this leads to many hours spent carefully planning each athletes race preparation and myself and the other coaches having to be masters in multi-tasking at training sessions.
How important do you think it is for athletes to be aware of what stage of the season it is and how this should effect their perspective & how do you communicate this to them?
As a coaching team, we work really hard on making sure mechanics on the track and movements in the gym are optimal. This requires attention to detail, video review, clear communication and accountability from both athlete and coach. The longer we work with an athlete the clearer we can see what type of feedback they respond better too. Some athletes are thinkers and like internal cues, others respond better to external cues. This is not to say we use either one or the other, both are required at certain times and for certain aspects of training.
When we get to competition season I try to keep the majority of cues external and limit the amount of video footage I let the athlete look at during training. Small tweaks and reminders may require a small degree of internal cueing, but generally we use external cues. I tend to use warm weather training in April as my last chance to make any big technical changes we need to address before competition starts. After that, I am just trying to maximise the model they have been working on for the past 6 months.
During race season, athletes will always want to watch video footage or talk about every step of their 150m rep, I simply keep answers short and make sure they have a very clear objective (just one) for each run. I will also not show them video if I do not want them to see it, I haven’t had too many athletes struggle with this concept. They understand my reasons and respect my judgement.
How do you manage athlete’s mind-set during competition season and do you find that it is harder for them to be more process driven during this time of the season?
Managing an athletes mind set has been the biggest challenge I have faced as a coach (so far). Whilst studying for my BSc and MSc I chose the hard sciences, completely disregarding the psychology modules. At the time, I was an international athlete and found it hard to get my head around all the theories these modules threw out. Looking back now I wished I had taken at least one of these modules!! The majority of my reading is now around psychology and coaching science, I find it really interesting and the most relevant area to delve into working as coach.
Every athlete responds different during competition season and as such, needs to be handled differently. Those who know me will know my militant approach to most things, stemming from my days as an athlete. Some athletes respond really well to this and can relate to that mind set. This is not the way to bring out the best in everyone, so I am constantly having to manage my approach to sessions, feedback, race warm ups and debriefs. This is by far the most changing aspect of coaching and, in my opinion, is the difference between an average coach and a great coach.
Thanks again Laura for providing an insight into what the training for our sprinters and hurdlers looks like. The seven athletes from the sprints and hurdles group will be joined in Birmingham by five pole vaulters from West London Track & Field and we'd like to wish all twelve athletes the best of luck!
This week's post is written by West London Track and Field Assistant Coach - Mikel Perry. After originally joining West London Track and Field as an intern Strength & Conditioning Coach, Mikel is now a permanent member of our coaching staff each week and assists both the Sprints & Hurdles and the Pole Vault groups.
I started working with the sprints and hurdles side of WLTF in September 2015. I had always wanted a chance to get involved with sprinting, as I find the purity of the sport fascinating, particularly from a strength and conditioning perspective. At the time, I was also finishing my MSc in Sports Medicine, so was keen not only to see how the sports medicine and coaching teams work together in the real world, but also to get involved and help integrate the rehab and performance elements.
The year started with the coaching team all getting to know each other, talking through the basic plan for the year and then looking more in depth at our first block of training. Initially my role was primarily focussed on providing strength and conditioning support to the athletes in the gym and helping out with testing. My role with the track work was to watch and learn; trying to absorb Laura’s coaching philosophy, seeing how the technical elements are executed, and just as importantly, getting to know the athletes.
Initially, the idea of coaching the athletes for their sprint work was daunting. Whilst I understood the basics of sprint mechanics and some of the various elements that we were trying to work on, I struggled to actually see these in real time with an athlete sprinting in front of me. This was not like watching a footballer run (no offence meant!), all these athletes know how to run and most have a good enough understanding to know what they need to work on – my analysis needed to be on point! The answer to this (for me at least), was slow motion video. I was lucky enough to be able to watch the performance live, then watch it back, and finally chat to Laura about what she had seen and what she thought needed attention. I also found that this was a good chance for me to feed back to the athletes, chatting to them about what they could see and getting to know what they think about during their performance.
Quite quickly, I started to find that I was picking up on things without the need to check the video. The next step was to figure out what to say to correct the things that I was picking up on. This is an interesting topic, as there are a multitude of different cues which get used by different coaches. Talking to all our coaches and listening to how and why they use certain cues was immensely valuable, as was talking about why they would not use certain other cues (no high knees cueing in our camp or Laura might jump out and get you!). I enjoy this side of coaching, as it requires a bit of creativity to figure out how to get the best out of somebody. You can have two athletes with exactly the same mechanical problem, but they may need two completely different solutions for them to be able to correct that problem.
A couple of months into my time at WLTF I was no longer just an S&C coach, but an active member of the WLTF team. I was starting to get to know the athletes better, getting to know the coaches better and beginning to feel like I was adding value to the track coaching. The next area which I was able to explore was the therapy side of things. Through my masters degree, I had sat in with many physios, surgeons and sports doctors, but never any osteopaths. Sitting in with Gareth (and later Jason too) gave me a chance to see how they think about issues, and talk to them about some of the specifics involving our group of athletes. It also gave me a chance to share some of my opinions, so that they got an idea of how I think and see what things I work on with athletes. Unfortunately injuries are a part of any high level sport, but having a cohesive team in place, in which individuals know their roles, is hugely beneficial for the athletes. The fact that Gareth and Jason have a wealth of experience with top level athletes has made it particularly informative for me, and I continue to benefit from having the chance to work with them.
Seemingly out of nowhere, it was competition time. Whilst training had obviously been building towards the indoor season, it still somehow surprised me. Being around the team during this time was particularly interesting. Seeing how people deal with pressure, how personalities change, how focus increases and then also seeing how people respond after whatever performance they are able to produce – be it good or bad. There is no hiding behind a team in this sport, just you against the clock and a few other athletes. Depending on the competition, it may be the time or the win which is most important, but the time never lies. If you ran slow, you ran slow. If you made a clear mistake or you aren’t 100%, that may not bother you too much, but if that is unexpected, it can knock your confidence. As a coach, finding the right balance between giving people space, critiquing, and providing support and positivity was, (and in fact still is) no easy feat.
Thankfully, the indoor season went well and on we went. Although the emphasis of training was continually shifting, the rest of the year including the outdoor season, felt more like a steady progression. This time was more about continuing to improve my track coaching, and taking on a bit more responsibility for rehabilitation and injury prevention. I was also at university more, which actually tied in very nicely (given that I was taking Injury prevention and Rehabilitation modules), allowing me to put real world problems to my lecturers. On a side note - a quick mention of the UCL Sports and Exercise Medicine MSc is worthy, as it has provided me with a level of understanding surrounding injuries, which now feels completely indispensable. Having a better appreciation of the anatomy, mechanisms of injury, the structural damage which injury causes, and the way that different tissues heal and adapt to loading, has definitely made me a better strength and conditioning coach.
Going back to the end of the year… The outdoor season went very well. We seemingly had personal bests at every competition, with very few injury problems. It’s amazing how emotionally vested you become in a short space of time, just from seeing the hard work that has been put in and getting to know everyone. I have to say a big thank you to Laura, Sam, Tim, Gareth, Jason and all the athletes, as I learnt a lot from everyone. It was a great end to my year and although I wasn’t sure what the following year would hold, I hoped to remain a part of WLTF and get a chance to continue to build the programme – Little did I know I’d be working with the pole vault side of WLTF too, more on that another time!
Our post this week comes from West London Track and Field Performance Therapist Gareth Degg. Gareth achieved a master of osteopathy degree from the British School of Osteopathy and also has a keen interest in biomechanics and human function. Gareth is trackside on a weekly basis and works with the other therapists and coaches to ensure athlete movement is optimal.
As competition season has sprung into action, the role of a therapist will be as equally important as the off-season time. The role of a Performance Therapist is a position that has become more noticed and more popular over the last 5 years. Especially considering the work done at Altis and British Athletics who employ therapists from a number of different professions as performance therapists. People have different views about the responsibilities of performance therapy and the pros and cons of the whole process, but I will only give my opinion in this short article about performance therapy and then more specific competition therapy.
What is Performance Therapy?
The initial role of a therapist, whether that is an Osteopath like myself or any other profession, is to consider the health of the patient. In that respect the role is no different than if you are in a clinic and a member of the general public walks in and seeks treatment for an ailment.
In a sports setting the chances of seeing injuries are quite high and these are what we spend a large portion of our time dealing with, whether that be a hamstring issue or a shoulder complaint for example.
However, everything previously mentioned is what happens in a normal clinic setting and the question of where does ‘performance’ come into the role arises. I feel that Performance Therapy is where you go beyond injury and pain as your measuring tool for success. The responsibility has to shift to you having an appreciation and understanding of the function and movements required in the athletes’ event and knowing what should be happening and what should not. Then you may choose to make a therapy intervention to improve a movement pattern or action, which then theoretically leads to an improvement in performance.
This is why a performance therapist needs to be present at training, competitions and forge a good open relationship with both athlete and coach. All three elements need to be communicating and be on the same page with the same goals in mind.
On the day of competition it is my belief that the therapy team play a different role to normal training days. On normal training days often the therapy team will spend most of their time with athletes that are either recovering from injury or have some specific issues that need attention. Competition day is all about the athletes that are competing on that day and this is all about maximizing an athlete’s performance; performance therapy in its truest form.
What happens on competition day?
By the time an athlete gets to competition they should be free of injury and fit enough to compete first and foremost. So the focus then is aimed at maximizing their body to its potential. A basic outlook of a competition day for a therapist will be as follows:
- Set-up and make your athletes and coaches know where you are
- Find out what time your athletes are competing and what time their call room is.
- Find out what time athletes plan to start warm-up
- Plan what athletes you want to assess prior to warm-up
- Watch warm-up and drills where possible
- Therapy intervention where indicated
- Repeat throughout the competition
How is competition different from training?
The stress of competition will affect each athlete differently and sometimes this can become an issue. Due to stress or performance anxiety the athletes mind can play tricks on them and they can present all kinds of symptoms or potential injuries that are often perfectly fine. In this situation your role is to reassure the athlete and give them the confidence to compete.
On the flip side you may have an athlete that is too aroused for the competition and they are “bouncing of the walls” and it may be your responsibility to bring them back down a little before they mentally fatigue themselves before competition.
How much therapy work should be done on competition day?
Simply put, it depends.
There are a few things to consider on the day:
Time – There may only be a 5-minute window during an athlete’s warm-up for a short intervention. It has to be meaningful.
Individual athlete – Some athletes require more attention than others from both a biomechanical point of view and an emotional one.
Goal/aim – Athletes are preparing to compete so the interventions have to be geared towards the end goal.
Things that I avoid on competition day
Again, this is only my personal opinion and other therapists may do things differently, but there are a number of things I try not to do prior to competing:
Treatment Time – I believe on competition day that therapy interventions should be short, concise and outcome driven. If an athlete is requiring masses of treatment before they are about to compete then the question needs to be asked, “Are they fit enough to compete?”
Treatment type – I personally do little to no massage style soft tissue work prior to competing. I will do soft tissue release work often on the day, but this will not be in the form of the long stroke massage techniques as I feel this will not optimise the muscle for what we are about to ask it to do. Simply put, a massage helps to relax the muscles, creates a parasympathetic response in the body and often gives the body a feeling of rest. This is great post competition to aide recovery and regeneration.
Prior to competition the body needs to be alert, aware, activated and primed for what is about to happen.
That is a brief overview of my feelings towards competition-based therapy. The key point that I need to reinforce is that most importantly you have to have both a sound understanding of the athlete and their chosen event in order to make good choices when deciding whether a therapy intervention is needed and what to do.
This week's post comes from Head of Coaching and Performance for Welsh Athletics - Scott Simpson. Scott has coached athletes to Commonwealth, European, World and Olympic finals and is coach to the U.K's number one female pole vaulter Holly Bradshaw, who finished 5th at least years Olympics in Rio. Scott is going to talk about what he believes to be the fundamental key performance indicators (KPIs) in the pole vault.
Pole Vault: Fundamental KPIs
What is the “problem” that athletes must attempt to solve in the pole vault event? To project their body over the highest bar possible without dislodging it? How do they seek to solve this problem?
Let’s keep it simple…
How high an athlete can vault (vault height) is the product of two other factors – how high they grip on the pole (grip height) and how high they can project themselves above their top hand grip (push height). Each athlete must find their own unique balance between these two variables. There will be those who prefer to exploit their ability to grip high (examples of international vaulters include; Shawn Barber in the men’s event and Jenn Suhr in the women’s event), while others will maximise their ability to project themselves high above their top hand grip (examples of international vaulters include; Sam Kendricks in the men’s event and Yarisley Silva in the women’s event). It is critical that athletes find the optimal solution for them. But what determines this solution? Firstly, we must gain a greater understanding of what underpins each of these two factors. Again, this is presented as a simplified model in Figure 1, but one that covers the critical aspects that we must consider.
One of the critical determinants of pole vault success, is the ability of a vaulter to rotate the pole to the vertical. It is this factor that limits the height of the grip an athlete can take on the pole. If the grip is too high, then the pole will fail to reach the vertical and the vault will “stall” and ultimately be unsuccessful – not to mention endangering the athlete involved. If the vaulter wishes to increase their grip height, they must improve their ability to rotate the pole to the vertical. The height an athlete can grip on the pole is determined by;
i.) The speed they can achieve on the approach run, and critically, the speed (energy) they can take into the take-off – “Speed at take-off”
ii.) The efficiency with which the athlete transfers that speed (energy) into the pole at take-off – “Take-off efficiency”
The more speed an athlete can generate on the approach run, the higher the energy they have to potentially utilise in the vault. This energy serves multiple factors, but critically, it gives the potential to increase the rotation of the pole to vertical and increases the shortening of the pole (chord) length (increases bending), which subsequently further increases pole rotation; if combined with increased horizontal speed. Therefore, two critical training components emerge from this;
1. Coaches must attempt to develop the speed qualities of the vaulters they work with
2. Coaches must develop an approach run structure that serves to maximise the velocity of the vaulter at the point of take-off
However, maximising speed alone does not solve the challenge of maximising grip height. The athlete must possess the ability to convert that speed at take-off. This conversion takes two forms; firstly the conversion of some horizontal speed to vertical speed (i.e. an ability to “jump”), and secondly, the ability to transfer the speed into the pole. We regularly see athletes with great speed qualities who are ineffective in utilising it effectively at take-off – this highlights an imbalance in the athlete’s speed and their ability to use it in a jumping event. The short term solution to this is to reduce the speed that the athlete has access to – i.e. to shorten their approach run length or get them to run slower on the approach run! However, longer term, it places a requirement on the coach to develop the athlete’s take-off efficiency, which can be achieved by addressing the following (depending on the limitation that the athlete faces);
1. Improve the athlete’s horizontal position from the back of the box at the point of take-off. There is an optimum “zone” that the athlete can take-off from in relation to their grip height. This “zone” permits the athlete to be between mid-stance and toe-off during their take-off step ground contact, when the pole strikes the back of the box. If the pole connects before mid-stance, the athlete is likely too close to the box and their ability to transfer horizontal speed to vertical speed will be compromised. If the pole connects after toe-off, their ability to transfer speed to the pole, while maintaining horizontal speed, will be compromised.
2. Develop the athlete’s posture at take-off. The athlete must strive to maximise their take-off height – this requires great postural awareness and execution, together with the running and pole plant mechanics to optimise their postural position at take-off.
3. Assist the athlete to understand and maximise their intention at take-off. This comes from optimising the stride length / frequency ratio over the final steps of the approach run, from setting up the take-off step effectively and (as Mondo Duplantis recently said in an interview), trying to “hit” the pole as hard as possible at take-off.
If coaches can support the development of an athlete’s speed, which they can both achieve and effectively utilise at take-off, the athlete has the best opportunity of maximising their grip height on the pole.
For clarity, we will refer to the phases of the vault after the athlete leaves the ground as the “on pole” phase and the actions that they perform during this time, their “on pole” technique.
For an athlete to “fly” from the top of the pole and maximise their push height, there are two key variables that must be optimised;
i.) The stiffness of the pole that the athlete is using – “Pole stiffness”
ii.) The technique that the athlete employs while swinging on the pole – “On pole technique”
Pole stiffness is a critical variable in supporting an athlete to achieve greater push heights. The stiffer the pole, the greater the potential for energy storage and subsequently energy return later in the vault. The greater the energy return in the latter stages of the vault, the greater potential for the athlete to be projected higher above their top hand grip height. However, an athlete cannot simply use a stiffer pole – sadly, it is not that simple! It is harder to store the energy in a stiffer pole in the initial “on pole” phase of the vault – which results in less bending and subsequently less rotation of the pole to the vertical (as discussed previously). The technique that the athlete employs to bend the pole must be considered and optimised without compromising other aspects of the vault (which will be discussed later). Additionally, there is a greater requirement for the athlete to be able to physically resist the forces that come from the pole back to the athlete when they use a stiffer pole. From this, coaches need to consider developing the following qualities in their athletes;
1. Develop an “on pole” technique that promotes pole bending without compromising their ability to swing effectively
2. Physically prepare athletes for the forces that they will experience when using stiffer poles. This includes the stabilisation of the shoulders and lumbar spine, and the mobilisation of the thoracic spine and the hips
The last part of the puzzle with regards to maximising the push height is to optimise the “on pole” technique. Three critical things are happening during the on pole phase – all of which interact and effect one another – but understanding these and appreciating how to manipulate them, is critical to obtaining a greater push height. They are;
i.) The pole (chord) is rotating to the vertical (pendulum 1)
ii.) The athlete is rotating about their hands on the pole (pendulum 2)
iii.) The pole is compressing (shortening) and then straightening again (lengthening)
We have already discussed the pole rotating to the vertical in a previous section, but it is important to appreciate that the vaulter has a finite amount of time available before the pole reaches its finishing position. It is the timing of the vaulter’s actions and positioning at key moments that is the essence of success in this area.
In order for the athlete to rotate effectively around their hands, they must “swing” – a difficult concept to understand, but it must be rhythmical and flowing – an action that is in time with the pole and prevents energy “leakage” while using the speed that is available within the system. It is useful to observe how gymnasts swing on apparatus (high bar, rings etc.) in terms of the flow / rhythm of movement. However, swinging on the pole differs in that it is on a piece of equipment that is both moving and compressing / extending – which adds complexity to the understanding required by both the coach and athlete. It is also important to understand that the human body is a series of joints / hinges and that these joints must flex and extend as part of the swinging action on the pole – essentially “pendulum 2” (listed above) is a body with multiple joints - which can all impact on the way the athlete swings. The actions at the hips and shoulders are a critical part of this.
Putting the task as simply as possible, the athlete must find a way of relocating as much of their body (mass) as high as possible in relation to their shoulder joint at the moment that the pole changes from compressing to extending. During the initial part of the swing, the pole is compressing / shortening. The swinging action (if executed effectively) adds to this compression – which will be at its peak as the athlete passes through the pole chord. However, as the athlete moves further away from the pole chord, the compressive forces on the pole start to reduce and the pole reaches the point of “maximum pole bend”. It is at this moment that the pole changes direction and begins to straighten. In this moment, the athlete must be in position to start working with the recoiling pole and align with it. This can only be achieved if they have a critical amount of their body mass high in the system at that critical moment. Their joints and limbs must also be positioned appropriately to work in synchronisation with the pole as it recoils. Finally, the pole must be suitably rolled forwards to the vertical at this moment in order for the athlete to continue moving throughout the swing – if not, the athlete will have to wait for the pole – often observed by a pause mid swing when the hips stop rising.
So, coaches and athletes can implement the following technical components in order to achieve success with regards to creating a synchronisation between the vaulter and the pole and subsequently maximise the athlete’s push height;
1. Encourage a shoulder “release” in the first part of the “on pole” phase – this puts the athlete in the best possible position for swinging
2. Swing early (minimise the amount of time it takes for the take-off foot to change direction after take-off), initiated by a strong take-off leg kick or “tap”
3. Maintain pressure in the hands during the swing. The vaulter must hang from their top hand – keeping the pole compressed while they execute their swing
4. Cover the top of the pole with the legs and raise the hips as high as possible before the pole begins to recoil
If the athlete is able to re-position their body appropriately by the time the pole changes direction – and if the pole has rolled forwards sufficiently – they give themselves the best chance to maximise their push height.
To conclude, it is always worth remembering that there needs to be a balance between grip height and push height – they do have the potential to impact on each other (i.e. a higher grip makes achieving a greater push height more challenging). Additionally, each athlete will have certain qualities that predispose them to being either a grip dominant, push dominant or balanced type vaulter. Knowing the athlete and their strengths and weaknesses is the key to optimising this. As always, we must strive to maximise strengths and minimise limitations in the pursuit of success.
We would like to say a massive thank you to Scott for writing this for us and we're sure it will be very useful to everyone that reads it. We'd like to wish Scott and his team all the best for the upcoming season and the best of luck to Holly Bradshaw in the World Championships in London this year.